Fomentation

Place a dry towel over the area to treat. Now place a hot towel pack on area and quickly cover the patient with a blanket.

Fomentation

Definition: It is a warm compress done on the body, as a measure to increase blood flow to sore areas of your body. This therapy can reduce pain and speed up the healing process.

You can use a warm compress for a range of conditions, including:

  • sore muscles
  • sinus congestion
  • eye issues, such as styes
  • ear infections
  • menstrual cramps
  • boils and cysts

 

There are two main types of warm compress:

Moist warm compress. This type uses a warm liquid to apply heat to an area. An example of a moist warm compress is a towel soaked in hot water.

Dry warm compress. This type uses a dry surface to transfer heat. Examples include a rubber hot water bottle or a heating pad.

 

Indications:

  • Local pain.
  • Inflammation
  • Muscle spasm
  • Congestion

 

Contraindications:

  • Pelvic congestion
  • Non-metastasized malignancy
  • Bleeding
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Ulcers
  • Appendicitis
  • Varicosity

 

PROCEDURE:

  1. Uncover the body area to treat. In cases where you are treating a large part like the chest, have patient lie down.
  2. Place a dry towel over the area to treat. Now place a hot towel pack on area and quickly cover the patient with a blanket. It is important to place your hands under the dry towel for a little while to determine if the pack is too hot or too cool. Don't burn the patient!
  3. Check patients pulse. Check every 5 minutes during treatment.
  4. Keep packs hot change frequently as needed.
  5. Remove hot pack after 5 minutes and apply cold towel directly on skin. Leave on for 1 minute.
  6. Remove cold pack and replace fresh hot pack. Don't forget to replace dry protecting towel before replacing hot towel pack.
  7. Continue procedure until 30 minutes has elapsed. Finish with cold pack and dry area. Keep patient covered until circulation returns to normal. Don't let patient get chilled. Patient should stay in where it is warm for at least 30 minutes before going into a cooler environment. Patient should remain adequately covered. If there is any post treatment perspiration, make sure to dry it before patient has a chance to get chilled.